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一、考查形容词和副词的基本用法

形容词在句中一般作定语、表语、补语,而副词在句中主要作状语。如:

(1)Tom sounds very much ______ in the job, but I'm not sure whetherhe can manage it.

A. interested B. interesting

C. interestingly D. interestedly

解析:句中sounds意为“听起来”,是系动词,后接表语,要用形容词,排除C和D;又因表示“对……感兴趣”,用interested.答案是A.

(2)We don't care if a hunting dog smells ______, but we really don'twant him to smell______.

A. well; well B. bad; badly转自环 球 网 校jianshe99.com

C. well; badly D. badly; bad

解析:句意是:“我们不在乎猎狗闻

起来难闻,但是我们确实不希望它的嗅觉力差。“前者smell是系动词,后接形容词,后者smell是行为动词,用副词来修饰;此外well作形容词是表示人身体好、气色好,用在此句中不行,只能作副词用。答案是B

三、考查多个形容词作定语的排序

多个形容词修饰名词时,其排序规律是:(限定词+程度副词+)

描绘+大小(长短、高低)+形状+年龄(新旧)+颜色+国籍或产地+物质材料+类别或用途+名词。如:

(5) John Smith, a successful businessman, has a ______car.

A. large German white B. large white German

C. white large German D. German large white

解析:large是“大小”,German是“产地”,white是“颜色”;其排列顺序应当是“大小+颜色+产地”.故选B.

(6)______ students are required to take part in the boat race.

A. Ten strong young Chinese B. Ten Chinese strong young

C. Chinese ten young strong D. Young strong ten Chinese

解析:根据“限定词+形容词+名词”,数词属于限定词,选出A和B来;再根据“描绘(strong)+大小(young)+国籍(Chinese)”,所以选A.

四、考查副词在句中的位置规律

副词修饰形容词或其它副词时,一般位于被修饰词的前面,但enough却要放在被修饰的形容词或副词的后面。如:

(7)Although she did not know Boston well, she made her way ______ tothe Home Cirele Building.

A. easy enough B. enough easy

C. easily enough D. enough easily

解析:因make one's way to是固定词组,意为“前往”,修饰动词made要用副词,排除选项A和B;副词enough修饰形容词或副词,要放在后面,排除D.答案是C.

(8) If I had ______, I'd visit Europe, stopping at the smallinteresting places.

A. a long enough holiday B. an enough long holiday

C. a holiday enough long D. a long holiday enough

解析:形容词long要放所修饰的名词holiday前;副词enough要放在所修饰的long之后,故选A.

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